JAN ASSMANN. RE UND AMUN. Die Krise des polytheistischen Weltbilds im Ägypten der Dynastie. UNIVERSITÄTSVERLAG FREIBURG SCHWEIZ. Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Dynastie Verschmelzung der Götter Amun und Re zu Amun-Re. Amuns Ursprung scheint in dem Gau des Was-Zepters, in der Nähe von Hermonthis zu liegen.
Amun-Re, der SonnengottAMUN-RE. Eine Sondierung zu Struktur und Genese alt&gyptischer synkretistischer Gotter* von. Wolfgang Schenkel. 1. "Bindestrich-GStter". Am auffailigsten. Der Gott der Sonne. Re, Ra oder Amun-Re ist der ägyptische Sonnengott, er galt als der wichtigster und höchste Gott, denn durch das Wirken seiner Kraft. Dynastie erlangt er eine gewisse Bedeutung in Theben. Amun-re trat er amun-re Schöpfergott auf, aus dem Nun entsteigend, die hermopolitanische Achtheit und.
Amun-Re Egypt: The God Amun and Amun-Re VideoKaiser Souzai - Amun-Re (Matt Sassari Remix) Amun-Re, likewise with the Hebrew creator deity, did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism were other Gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris Amun-Re is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian Gods.
Der Stier war mit seiner sexuellen Kraft ein Symbol für Fruchtbarkeit, weshalb Amun auch als Fruchtbarkeitsgott verehrt wurde.
Die Nilüberschwemmung und der Nordwind stammten von ihm und die Ägypter glaubten, dass sich Amun in der Luft manifestierte.
Ramses II. Sethos I. Since rams were considered a symbol of virility, Amun also became thought of as a fertility deity, and so started to absorb the identity of Min , becoming Amun-Min.
This association with virility led to Amun-Min gaining the epithet Kamutef , meaning "Bull of his mother",  in which form he was found depicted on the walls of Karnak , ithyphallic , and with a scourge , as Min was.
As the cult of Amun grew in importance, Amun became identified with the chief deity who was worshipped in other areas during that period, namely the sun god Ra.
This identification led to another merger of identities, with Amun becoming Amun-Ra. In the Hymn to Amun-Ra he is described as.
Lord of truth, father of the gods, maker of men, creator of all animals, Lord of things that are, creator of the staff of life.
During the latter part of the eighteenth dynasty , the pharaoh Akhenaten also known as Amenhotep IV disliked the power of the temple of Amun and advanced the worship of the Aten , a deity whose power was manifested in the sun disk, both literally and symbolically.
He defaced the symbols of many of the old deities, and based his religious practices upon the deity, the Aten. He moved his capital away from Thebes, but this abrupt change was very unpopular with the priests of Amun, who now found themselves without any of their former power.
The religion of Egypt was inexorably tied to the leadership of the country, the pharaoh being the leader of both. The pharaoh was the highest priest in the temple of the capital, and the next lower level of religious leaders were important advisers to the pharaoh, many being administrators of the bureaucracy that ran the country.
The introduction of Atenism under Akhenaten constructed a monotheist worship of Aten in direct competition with that of Amun.
Praises of Amun on stelae are strikingly similar in language to those later used, in particular, the Hymn to the Aten :. When thou crossest the sky, all faces behold thee, but when thou departest, thou are hidden from their faces When thou settest in the western mountain, then they sleep in the manner of death The fashioner of that which the soil produces, The sole Lord, who reaches the end of the lands every day, as one who sees them that tread thereon Every land chatters at his rising every day, in order to praise him.
When Akhenaten died, the priests of Amun-Ra reasserted themselves. Akhenaten's name was struck from Egyptian records, all of his religious and governmental changes were undone, and the capital was returned to Thebes.
The return to the previous capital and its patron deity was accomplished so swiftly that it seemed this almost monotheistic cult and its governmental reforms had never existed.
Worship of Aten ceased and worship of Amun-Ra was restored. The priests of Amun even persuaded his young son, Tutankhaten, whose name meant "the living image of Aten"—and who later would become pharaoh—to change his name to Tutankhamun , "the living image of Amun".
In the New Kingdom, Amun became successively identified with all other Egyptian deities, to the point of virtual monotheism which was then attacked by means of the "counter-monotheism" of Atenism.
Primarily, the god of wind Amun came to be identified with the solar god Ra and the god of fertility and creation Min , so that Amun-Ra had the main characteristic of a solar god , creator god and fertility god.
He also adopted the aspect of the ram from the Nubian solar god, besides numerous other titles and aspects.
As Amun-Re, he was petitioned for mercy by those who believed suffering had come about as a result of their own or others' wrongdoing. Amon-Re "who hears the prayer, who comes at the cry of the poor and distressed Beware of him!
Repeat him to son and daughter, to great and small; relate him to generations of generations who have not yet come into being; relate him to fishes in the deep, to birds in heaven; repeat him to him who does not know him and to him who knows him Though it may be that the servant is normal in doing wrong, yet the Lord is normal in being merciful.
The Lord of Thebes does not spend an entire day angry. As for his anger — in the completion of a moment there is no remnant As thy Ka endures!
In the Leiden hymns, Amun, Ptah , and Re are regarded as a trinity who are distinct gods but with unity in plurality.
All gods are three: Amun, Re and Ptah, whom none equals. He who hides his name as Amun, he appears to the face as Re, his body is Ptah.
Henri Frankfort suggested that Amun was originally a wind god and pointed out that the implicit connection between the winds and mysteriousness was paralleled in a passage from the Gospel of John : "The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going.
The tempest moves aside for the sailor who remembers the name of Amon. Among all the multitude of Egyptian deities, the god Amun was considered to be the king of the gods, a supreme creator-god.
He was the ancient Egyptian god of fertility and life. While most Egyptian gods were 'born' at various points in the history of the Egyptian nation and many floated in and out of popularity, Amun appears to have been present in the mythology and culture of the Egyptian people almost from the very inception of this complex and mysterious nation.
Depictions of Amun are found throughout Egypt as are his legends. Scholars discovered several different spellings of the name Amun in Egyptian literature.
Amun was part of the Thebean triad along with Mut and Khonsu a triad was a group of three gods including a mother, a father and a child.
Amun-Re ist erstmals in der Dynastie unter Mentuhotep II. Ihm zu Ehren wurde die Kapelle für seinen neuen Kult erbaut.
Unter Amenophis IV. Die ikonografische Darstellung symbolisierte zunächst die Attribute des Min und des Amun.
Zumeist trägt Amun-Re die Doppelfederkrone, die von einem Stirnband gehalten wird. Entsprechend erweiterte sich nun seine ikonografische Darstellung mit dem Tempel des Min und den Pflanzen des Lattichgartens.Amun-Re vereinigt als altägyptischer „König der Götter“ die Eigenschaften des Re, Min und Amun. Damit ist er Sonnen-, Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott in der altägyptischen Religion. Amun-Re – Wikipedia. Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Amun-Re. Die Hieroglyphen unter seinem Namen bedeuten “Herr des Himmels, König der Götter”. Obelisk der Hatschepsut im Tempel von Karnak, Neues Reich,. The last major change to the Precinct of Amun-Re's layout was the addition of the first pylon and the massive enclosure walls that surrounded the whole Precinct, both constructed by Nectanebo I. Amon-Ra (l'esprit des quatre elements, lame du monde matérial), N, Brooklyn Museum. Temple of Amun-Re and the Hypostyle Hall, Karnak This is the currently selected item. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut and Large Kneeling Statue, New Kingdom, Egypt Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (UNESCO/TBS). Amun’s first role was as the patron saint of the ancient Egyptian city Thebes, where the ruling pharaoh and his royal family resided. Here he became joined with the sun god Ra and the two became known as the Egypt god Amun-Ra. Amun-Ra was the king of the Upper Egyptian gods and one of the most important gods in Egypt, second only to Osiris. The Precinct of Amun-Re, located near Luxor, Egypt, is one of the four main temple enclosures that make up the immense Karnak Temple Complex. The precinct is by far the largest of these and the only one that is open to the general public. The temple complex is dedicated to the principal god of the Theban Triad, Amun, in the form of Amun-Re. Amun-Ra was central to the Egyptian culture so that, knowing him, we will know better the ancient Egyptians. Two Gods in One Divinity Lord of Truth, Father of the Gods, Maker of Men, Creator of all.